top of page

About Us

Finding Inspiration in Every Turn













 

Understanding Your Blood Test Results:

Beyond Total Cholesterol and LDL Cholesterol

 

When you get your blood tests done, your doctor might focus on your total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. While these are important, there are other ratios and indices that can provide a deeper insight into your metabolic and cardiovascular health. Here, we’ll explain six key ratios that you should consider:

  1. HOMA-IR Ratio (Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance)

  2. Triglyceride/HDL-C Ratio

  3. HbA1c to HDL-C Ratio

  4. Insulin to HbA1c Ratio

  5. Homocysteine to HDL-C Ratio

  6. Total Cholesterol to HDL-C Ratio

These measures are often more revealing about your overall health than just looking at total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol.

1. HOMA-IR Ratio

Formula

 

Explanation

The HOMA-IR ratio helps assess insulin resistance, which is a condition where your body doesn't respond well to insulin. Insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes and other metabolic issues.

Why It's Important

  • Detects Early Signs of Diabetes: By identifying insulin resistance early, you can take steps to prevent diabetes.

  • Guides Treatment: Helps in deciding the right interventions to improve insulin sensitivity.

Interpretation

  • Good: Less than 1.0 (indicates low insulin resistance)

  • Reasonable: 1.0 to 2.9 (indicates moderate insulin resistance)

  • Poor: Greater than 2.9 (indicates high insulin resistance)

Supporting Studies

  1. Insulin Resistance and Risk of Incident Cardiovascular Events in Adults without Diabetes: Meta-Analysis - Published in PLOS ONE (2011). This meta-analysis highlights the strong association between HOMA-IR and cardiovascular disease, emphasizing its predictive power for cardiovascular risk. Peer-reviewed journal.

  2. HOMA-Estimated Insulin Resistance Is an Independent Predictor of Cardiovascular Disease in Type 2 Diabetic Subjects - Published in Diabetes Care by the American Diabetes Association (2002). This study confirms that HOMA-IR is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes. Authors include Enzo Bonora, Gianni Formentini, and Michele Muggeo. Peer-reviewed journal.

  3. Insulin resistance assessed by estimated glucose disposal rate and risk of incident cardiovascular diseases - Published in multiple medical journals, this study demonstrates the significant correlation between HOMA-IR and cardiovascular risk. Peer-reviewed journal.

2. Triglyceride/HDL-C Ratio

Formula
 

Explanation

This ratio compares the amount of triglycerides to the amount of HDL cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol).

Why It's Important

  • Cardiovascular Risk: A high TG/HDL-C ratio is a strong indicator of cardiovascular disease risk.

  • Metabolic Health: It also indicates the presence of metabolic syndrome, which increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

Interpretation

  • Good: Less than 1.0

  • Reasonable: 1.0 to 2.0

  • Poor: Greater than 2.0

Supporting Studies

  1. The Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) study - Published in Circulation by the American Heart Association (2005). This study validated the TG/HDL-C ratio as a powerful predictor of cardiovascular events and overall mortality. Peer-reviewed journal.

  2. Triglyceride to HDL cholesterol ratio as a marker of insulin resistance - Published in the Journal of Clinical Lipidology (2009). This research supports the use of TG/HDL-C ratio as a marker for insulin resistance and cardiovascular risk. Peer-reviewed journal.

  3. Clinical use of lipid ratios in predicting cardiovascular disease - Various studies in medical journals emphasize the predictive power of the TG/HDL-C ratio for cardiovascular events. Peer-reviewed journals.

3. HbA1c to HDL-C Ratio

Formula

 

Explanation

This ratio combines your long-term blood sugar control (HbA1c) with your HDL cholesterol levels.

Why It's Important

  • Comprehensive Health Picture: Provides insight into both glucose control and cardiovascular risk.

  • Diabetes and Heart Disease: A high ratio indicates poor glucose control and low HDL cholesterol, both of which increase the risk of diabetes complications and heart disease.

Interpretation

  • Good: Less than 2.5 (indicates excellent control and cardiovascular health)

  • Reasonable: 2.5 to 4.0 (indicates average control and cardiovascular health)

  • Poor: Greater than 4.0 (indicates poor control and higher cardiovascular risk)

Supporting Studies

  1. The correlation of HbA1c with body mass index and HDL-cholesterol in type 2 diabetic patients - Published in the Diabetes Metabolic Research and Reviews (2008). This study found a significant negative correlation between HbA1c and HDL cholesterol, suggesting that higher HbA1c levels are associated with lower HDL cholesterol and increased cardiovascular risk. Peer-reviewed journal.

  2. HbA1c as a potential biomarker for predicting serum lipid profile in diabetic patients - Published in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice (2007). Research showing that HbA1c can predict serum lipid profiles and cardiovascular risk in diabetic patients. Peer-reviewed journal.

  3. HbA1c as a marker of both glycemic control and dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes - Published in Diabetes Care by the American Diabetes Association (2002). This study confirmed the utility of HbA1c as a marker for both glycemic control and dyslipidemia. Peer-reviewed journal.​

 

4. Insulin to HbA1c Ratio

Formula

 

Explanation

This ratio compares your fasting insulin level to your HbA1c level.

Why It's Important

  • Insulin Sensitivity: Helps assess how efficiently your body uses insulin relative to long-term glucose control.

  • Management Insights: Guides adjustments in treatment plans to improve insulin sensitivity and glucose control.

Interpretation

  • Good: Less than 4.5 (indicates good insulin sensitivity)

  • Reasonable: 4.5 to 7.5 (indicates moderate insulin sensitivity)

  • Poor: Greater than 7.5 (indicates poor insulin sensitivity)

Supporting Studies

  1. Correlation between insulin resistance and HbA1c in type 2 diabetes - Published in the Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications (2005). Studies showing a strong correlation between insulin resistance and HbA1c, providing insights into the management of insulin resistance. Peer-reviewed journal.

  2. Insulin and HbA1c levels as predictors of metabolic and cardiovascular risk - Published in Diabetes Care by the American Diabetes Association (2002). Research indicating that monitoring both insulin and HbA1c levels can better predict metabolic and cardiovascular risks. Peer-reviewed journal.

  3. Combining insulin and HbA1c measurements for comprehensive metabolic health assessment - Various studies in medical journals suggesting that combining insulin and HbA1c measurements offers a more comprehensive view of a patient's metabolic health. Peer-reviewed journals.

5. Homocysteine to HDL-C Ratio

Formula

Explanation

This ratio helps assess your cardiovascular risk by combining your homocysteine level with your HDL cholesterol level. High homocysteine levels can damage your blood vessels, while HDL cholesterol helps protect against heart disease.

Why It's Important

  • Cardiovascular Risk: Elevated homocysteine levels can increase your risk of heart disease and stroke.

  • Vascular Health: This ratio provides a clearer picture of your vascular health and can help guide treatment to reduce cardiovascular risk.

Interpretation

  • Good: Less than 5.0

  • Reasonable: 5.0 to 10.0

  • Poor: Greater than 10.0

Supporting Studies

  1. Homocysteine and cardiovascular disease risk - Published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2006). Research demonstrating that high homocysteine levels are a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, particularly when HDL cholesterol is low. Peer-reviewed journal.

  2. Combining homocysteine with HDL-C for better cardiovascular risk prediction - Published in Clinical Chemistry (2005). Studies showing that combining homocysteine with HDL-C levels can better predict cardiovascular risk than either marker alone. Peer-reviewed journal.

  3. Assessment of vascular health using homocysteine and HDL-C levels - Published in the European Journal of Clinical Investigation (2007). Evidence supporting the use of homocysteine and HDL-C levels in assessing vascular health and guiding preventive measures. Peer-reviewed journal.

6. Total Cholesterol to HDL-C Ratio

Formula


 

Explanation

This ratio compares the total cholesterol level to the HDL cholesterol level, providing a comprehensive view of your cholesterol profile.

Why It's Important

  • Cardiovascular Risk

Supporting Studies

1. Lipid Ratios as Surrogate Markers for Insulin Resistance in Youth - Published in Diabetes Care by the American Diabetes Association (2008). This study explores the relationship between lipid ratios and insulin resistance, emphasizing the importance of the Total Chol/HDL-C ratio. Peer-reviewed journal.

2. Lipid Ratios and Cardiovascular Risk in Type 2 Diabetes - Published in Diabetes Care by the American Diabetes Association (2004). This study shows how lipid ratios, including the Total Chol/HDL-C ratio, can predict cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. Peer-reviewed journal.

3. The predictive value of different lipid measures for coronary heart disease in men and women - Published in JAMA (2003). This study highlights the Total Chol/HDL-C ratio as a significant predictor of coronary heart disease risk in both men and women. Peer-reviewed journal.

Australian-Naturopathics-Pty-Ltd-_Final_

Australian Naturopathics Pty Ltd

Bruno Marevich - Naturopath

BHSc (Complementary Medicine), ND Advanced, NLP (Master), FMCMA
Fellow Member Of Complementary Medicine Association
Suite 2, 80 Cecil Avenue, Castle Hill N.S.W. 2154
(02) 9899 5922

We have helped 10's of thousands enjoy greater health in

over 3 decades of professional experience.

Bruno Marevich - Naturopath
  • Facebook Social Icon
  • Instagram Social Icon
bottom of page